6.17.2010

Shocking Statistics

Highest Number of Forcibly Displaced Since the 1990's
I recently found this image on Guardian which shows the countries producing the most refugees (purple), countries taking in the most refugees (orange), as well the statistics on Internally Displaced People (IDPs). It's no surprise that the conflicts in Afghanistan, Somalia, Sudan, Iraq, and the Democratic Republic of Congo are producing the largest amounts of refugees, while Colombia has the biggest IDP population at 3.3 million. Shockingly enough, this diagram shows that most refugees are resettled into other developing nations. Three of the top 'host' countries are Iran, Syria, and Pakistan.

A recent 
UNHCR report stated that in 2009 43.3 million people were forcibly displaced from their homes - the highest number since the mid-1990s. In addition, 2009 ended with the lowest amount of returning refugees in 20 years. Another UNHCR report shows that Afghanistan produced the largest number of asylum seekers in 2009 followed by Iraq, Somalia, Russia, China, Serbia, and Nigeria. The country accepting the most asylum seekers in 2009 was South Africa.

As a result of the rising number of people being forcibly displaced and the dropping number of returning refugees indicates there is a growing problem. The UNHCR drew up two priorities to address this situation: 
"First, preparing our capacity to meet the needs of the people we care for...Second, we will continue to enhance our emergency response capability in a livelihoods-focused and environmentally sensitive way, taking due account of the needs of host families, communities and states."
Map from Invisible Children showing origins of refugees from conflicts worldwide

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